If you’re a coffee drinker, then you’re probably familiar with some of the most popular coffee brands out there. But did you know that the majority of the world’s coffee beans come from just a handful of countries? Here are the top 5 countries who produce the most coffee beans.
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Brazil is not only the largest producer of coffee beans in the world, but it has been the top producer for the last 150 years. In 2018, they produced 2,592,000 metric tons of coffee beans. This is about one-third of all the coffee beans that are produced around the world. The vast majority of Brazilian coffee is used in espresso.
Vietnam is the second-largest coffee producer in the world, after Brazil, and exports more than any other country besides Brazil. The country is home to about 20 million smallholder farmers, who grow coffee on around 3% of Vietnam’s total land area. The climate in Vietnam’s coffee-growing regions is ideal for Robusta coffee production, as the trees require a lot of heat and rainfall to produce high-quality beans.
The country’s coffee industry has been growing rapidly in recent years, as domestic consumption has increased and international demand for Vietnamese coffee has also spiked. However, the industry faces some challenges, including a lack of infrastructure and skilled labor. Nevertheless, Vietnam’s coffee sector is expected to continue to grow in the coming years.
Colombia is the number one country of origin for Arabica coffee. In 2017, they produced 14,424,560 60kg bags of coffee beans. The high production is due to the fact that the weather is well-suited for growing coffee beans and that there are many small farms. Most of the coffee farmers in Colombia are part of the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia, which was created in 1927 to help coffee farmers improve their crop yield and quality.
Brazil is a close second with a production of 9,422,500 60kg bags in 2017. The majority of Brazilian coffee farms are located in the south-eastern states of Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, and Sao Paulo.
Vietnam is the third largest producer of coffee beans with a production volume of 1, 650,000 metric tons (MT) in 2015/16. The country has shown a significant increase in production over the past 20 years due to an increase in demand from Europe and North America.
Indonesia is the fourth largest producer with a production volume of 1,320,000 MT in 2015/16. Coffee grown in Indonesia typically has a low acidity and full body flavor due to theProcessing method used called wet-hulling.
Ethiopia rounds out the top 5 with a production volume of 910,000 MT in 2015/16. Ethiopia is where coffee originated from and it is often referred to as the birthplace of coffee. The country has many smallholder farms that grow traditional varieties of coffee such as Arabian Mocha and Harrar Longberry.
Coffee production in Indonesia has, for a long time, been one of the country’s most important agricultural export products. The nation is now the fourth-largest producer of coffee in the world (after Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia), having surpassed Ethiopia in 2014. Most of Indonesia’s coffee plantations are located in Indonesian islands Sumatra and Sulawesi.
The country’s coffee beans are mostly used for domestic consumption, with only around 15% being exported. The Indonesian government has recently introduced a number of initiatives to encourage more local processing and exporting of coffee products, in a bid to increase both domestic employment and earnings from overseas sales.
The vast majority of Indonesia’s coffee plantations are small family-owned operations, although there are some large estates and corporate-run farms. The country’s largest exporter of coffee is PT Sarimojo Lestari Indah, which shipped around 33,000 metric tons of green beans in 2016/17.
Ethiopia is Africa’s top coffee producer, and the world’s fifth-largest. The country is known for its specialty coffees, which have unique flavor profiles deriving from their terroir. Ethiopia is also the birthplace of coffee, and it is thought that coffee was first discovered here in the 9th century. Today, over 15 million Ethiopians rely on coffee for their livelihoods.
India is a huge producer of coffee beans, coming in at number two on the list of top coffee bean producing countries. In India, coffee is grown in the southern states of Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Indian coffee is typically strong and full-bodied with a low acidity. The most common type of coffee grown in India is Arabica.
Mexico is the 5th largest coffee producer in the world, with a production volume of 5,544 thousand 60-kilogram bags in 2015 – 16.60% less than the previous year. The country’s coffee plantations are located in the Sierra Madre mountains, which stretch north and south along the western edge of Mexico and provide ideal conditions for growing coffee. Mexican coffee is often exported to the United States, where it is used in various specialty blends.
Guatemala is one of the top five coffee-producing countries in the world, with an average production of 3,466 metric tons per year. The country is located in Central America and has a tropical climate, which is ideal for growing coffee beans. The Guatemalan coffee industry employs around 120,000 people, and the country exports about $450 million worth of coffee each year. The most popular type of Guatemalan coffee is Huehuetenango, which is grown at high altitudes and has a strong flavor.
Honduras holds the number four spot for coffee bean production. This Central American country produces more than 4 million 132-pound bags of coffee beans each year. The Honduran coffee industry employs over 100,000 people, making it an important part of the country’s economy. The majority of Honduran coffee is exported to the United States.
Peru is a South American country that is located in the central and western region of the continent. It is bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile. The country has a diverse landscape that includes the Andes mountains, the Amazon rainforest, and even coastal areas on the Pacific Ocean. All of these different landscapes offer unique growing conditions for coffee beans.
Peru is the fourth largest producer of coffee beans in the world with an estimated production of 1.6 million metric tons in 2017. The vast majority of these beans are grown in the northeastern part of the country near the city of Tarapoto. This region has a large labor force that helps to hand-pick the coffee cherries when they are ripe and ready for harvesting.
The coffee industry in Peru has been growing steadily over the past few years and currently employs over 100,000 people throughout the country. In addition to being a major producer of coffee beans, Peru is also a leading exporter of organic coffee.